Further Results on Delay-Dependent Stability of Multi-Area Load Frequency Control
Abstract—Further to results reported by Jiang , this paper investigates delay-dependent stability of load frequency control (LFC) emphasizing on multi-area and deregulated environment. Based on Lyapunov theory and the linear matrix inequality technique, a new stability criterion is proposed to improve calculation accuracy and to reduce computation time, which makes it be suitable for handling with multi-area LFC schemes. The interaction of delay margins between different control areas and the relationship between delay margins and control gains are investigated in details. < Final Year Project >Moreover, usage of delay margins as a new performance index to guide controller design is discussed, including tuning of the controller for a trade-off between delay tolerance and dynamic response, choosing the upper bound of the fault counter of communication channels and the upper bound of sampling period of a discrete realization of the controller. Case studies are carried out based on two-area traditional, two-area and three-area deregulated LFC schemes, all equipped with PID-type controllers, respectively. Simulation studies are given to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.
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