Importance of Being Unique From Finger Dorsal Patterns: Exploring Minor Finger Knuckle Patterns in Verifying Human Identities
Abstract— Automated biometrics identiﬁcation using ﬁnger knuckle images has increasingly generated interest among researchers with emerging applications in human forensics and biometrics. Prior efforts in the biometrics literature have only investigated the major ﬁnger knuckle patterns that are formed on the ﬁnger surface joining proximal phalanx and middle phalanx bones. This paper investigates the possible use of minor ﬁnger knuckle patterns, < Final Year Projects > which are formed on the ﬁnger surface joining distal phalanx and middle phalanx bones. The minor ﬁnger knuckle patterns can either be used as independent biometric patterns or employed to improve the performance from the major ﬁnger knuckle patterns.