Differentially Private Frequent Itemset Mining via Transaction Splitting
Abstract—Recently, there has been a growing interest in designing differentially private data mining algorithms. Frequent itemset mining (FIM) is one of the most fundamental problems in data mining. In this paper, we explore the possibility of designing a differentially private FIM algorithm which can not only achieve high data utility and a high degree of privacy, but also offer high time efficiency. To this end, we propose a differentially private FIM algorithm based on the FP-growth algorithm, which is referred to as PFP-growth. The PFP-growth algorithm < Final Year projects 2016 > consists of a preprocessing phase and a mining phase. In the preprocessing phase, to improve the utility and privacy tradeoff, a novel smart splitting method is proposed to transform the database. For a given database, the preprocessing phase needs to be performed only once. In the mining phase, to offset the information loss caused by transaction splitting, we devise a run-time estimation method to estimate the actual support of itemsets in the original database. In addition, by leveraging the downward closure property, we put forward a dynamic reduction method to dynamically reduce the amount of noise added to guarantee privacy during the mining process.
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