Abstract— This study provides a comprehensive review of decision feedback equalisation (DFE) for multi-giga-bit-per-second (Gbps) data links. The state-of-the-art of DFE for multi-Gbps serial links reported in the past decade are compiled and
presented. The imperfection of wire channels, in particular,finite bandwidth, reflection and cross-talk and their impact on data transmission are investigated. The fundamentals of both near-end and far-end channel equalisation to combat the effect of the imperfection of wire channels at high frequencies are explored. A detailed examination of the principle,< Final Year Projects > configuration,operation and limitation of DFE is followed. Design challenges encountered in design of DFE for multi-Gbps data links including timing constraints, sampling, error propagation, arithmetic operation, highly dispersive channels, power consumption and techniques and circuit implementations that address these challenges are studied. The need for adaptive DFE and the principles of adaptive DFE are investigated. Finally, the performance of various adaptive DFEs is examined and their pros and cons are compared.
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