R3E: Secure, Efficient and Fine-Grained Data Access Control Mechanism for P2P Storage Cloud
Abstract—Abstract By combining cloud computing and Peer-to-Peer computing, a P2P storage cloud can be formed to offer highly available
storage services, lowering the economic cost by exploiting the storage space of participating users. However, since cloud severs and users are usually outside the trusted domain of data owners, P2P storage cloud brings forth new challenges for data security and access control when data owners store sensitive data for sharing in the trusted domain. Moreover, there are no mechanisms for access control in P2P storage cloud. To address this issue, we design a ciphertext-policy attribute-based encryption (ABE) scheme and a proxy re-encryption scheme. Based on them, we further propose a secure, efficient and fine-grained data Access Control mechanism for P2P storage Cloud named ACPC. We enforce access policies based on user attributes, and integrate P2P reputation system in ACPC. ACPC enables data owners to delegate most of the laborious user revocation tasks to cloud servers and reputable system peers. Our security analysis demonstrates that ACPC is provably secure. The performance evaluation shows that ACPC is highly efficient under practical settings, and it significantly reduces the computation overheads brought to data owners and cloud servers during user revocation, compared with other state-of-the-art revocable ABE schemes.
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