SMES-Battery Energy Storage System for Stabilization of a Photovoltaic-Based Microgrid
Abstract-As superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES)and battery are complementary in their technical properties ofpower capacity, energy density, response speed, etc., proposes a SMES-battery energy storage system (ESS) to stabilizea photovoltaic-based microgrid under different faults. Related theoretical modeling is stated, and the control and coordinationmethods of the SMES-battery are put forward. Using MATLAB,a comparison of with the SMES-battery and only with the battery is carried out. From the main specifications of the SMES magnet, the AC loss calculation is also performed. The results show that: i) the SMES-battery is better than the battery to timely deal with the transient faults of the microgrid. ii) the SMES-battery enables to ensure a seamless mode-transition for the microgrid under the external fault, and reduce the fault current in the point of common coupling (PCC) to avoid an unnecessary off-grid under the internal fault. iii) the SMES magnet’s AC loss power has a maximum value of 380 W, and it is acceptable for the future design of conduction-cooled structure and cryogenic system.
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