Robust Estimators for Variance-Based Device-Free Localization and Tracking
Abstract— Robust Estimators for Variance-Based Device-Free Localization and Tracking. Human motion in the vicinity of a wireless link causes variations in the link received signal strength(RSS). Device-free localization (DFL) systems, such as variance-based radio tomographic imaging < Final Year Projects 2016 > VRTI, use these RSS variations in a static wireless network to detect, locate and track people in the area of the network, even through walls. However, intrinsic motion, such as branches moving in the wind and rotating or vibrating machinery, also causes RSS variations which degrade the performance of a DFL system. In this paper, we propose and evaluate two estimators to reduce the impact of the variations caused by intrinsic motion. One estimator uses subspace decomposition, and the other estimator uses a least squares formulation. Experimental results show that both estimators reduce localization root mean squared error by about 40% compared to VRTI. In addition, the Kalman filter tracking results from both estimators have 97% of errors less than 1.3 m, more than 60% improvement compared to tracking results from VRTI.
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