LMMN Based Adaptive Control for Power Quality Improvement of Grid Intertie Wind-PV System
Abstract-A new topology comprising of wind turbine driven synchronous generator (SG) and solar photovoltaic (PV) array for renewable energy harvesting, is proposed in this work. The stochastic inputs for proposed system, are agitated by the nonlinear time dependent parameters such as variable wind speed and changing solar insolation. The speed variations are absorbed using back to back interfaced power electronic converters (PECs) namely synchronous generator side converter (SGC) and utility grid side converter (UGC) with a common DC link where solar PV array is tied directly. The power injection into the utility grid, is levelled by the optimal utilization of PECs. The SGC uses vector control (VC) for speed control of SG and maintains unity power factor (UPF) at stator terminals. UGC acquires its switching pulses with proper application of least mean mixed norm (LMMN) control technique. The new application of LMMN control scheme is used for harmonics compensation and fundamental load component extraction. The DC link voltage is regulated using proportional integral (PI) controller. A prototype is developed and tested under different conditions of sudden changes in load, wind velocity variations as well as under varying solar PV insolation. The power sharing scheme proves to be effective. The power quality (PQ) issues are also addressed and mitigated effectively. The performance is exhibited for the validation of the proposed system and its control.
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