Abstract—A Kernel Clustering Algorithm With Fuzzy Factor: Application to SAR Image Segmentation. The presence of multiplicative noise in synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images makes segmentation and classification difficult to handle. Although a fuzzy C-means (FCM) algorithm and its variants (e.g., the FCM_S, the fast generalized FCM, the fuzzy local information C-means, etc.) can achieve satisfactory segmentation results and are robust to Gaussian noise, uniform noise, and salt and pepper noise, they are not adaptable to SAR image speckle. This letter presents a kernel FCM algorithm with pixel intensity and location information for SAR image segmentation. We incorporate a weighted fuzzy factor into the objective function, which considers the spatial and intensity distances of all neighboring pixels simultaneously. In addition, < Final Year Projects > the energy measures of SAR image wavelet decomposition are used to represent the texture information, and a kernel metric is adopted to measure the feature similarity. The weighted fuzzy factor and the kernel distance measure are both robust to speckle. Experimental results on synthetic and real SAR images demonstrate that the proposed algorithm is effective for SAR image segmentation.
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