Saliency-based Lesion Segmentation via
Background Detection in Dermoscopic Images
Abstract– The segmentation of skin lesions in dermoscopic images is a fundamental step in automated computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) of melanoma. Conventional segmentation methods, however, have difficulties when the lesion borders are indistinct and when contrast between the lesion and the surrounding skin is low. They also perform poorly when there is a heterogeneous background or a lesion that touches the image boundaries; this then results in under- and over-segmentation of the skin lesion.In addition, suggest that saliency detection using the reconstruction errors derived from a sparse representation model coupled with a novel background detection can more accurately discriminate the lesion from surrounding regions. Here also evaluated our approach on two public datasets comprising 1100 dermoscopic images and compared it to other conventional and state-of-the-art unsupervised (i.e. no training required) lesion segmentation methods, as well as the state-of-the-art unsupervised saliency detection methods. Our results show that our approach is more accurate and robust in segmenting lesions compared to other methods and also discuss the general extension of our framework as a saliency optimisation algorithm for lesion segmentation.
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