Computer Aided Detection of Ischemic Stroke using Segmentation and Texture Features
Abstract-Computed tomography images are widely used in the diagnosis of ischemic stroke because of its faster acquisition and compatibility with most life support devices. This paper presents a new approach to automated detection of ischemic stroke using segmentation, mid-line shift and image feature characteristics, which separate the ischemic stroke region from healthy tissues in computed tomography images. The proposed method consists of ﬁve stages namely, pre-processing, segmentation, tracing midline of the brain, extraction of texture features and classiﬁcation. The application of the proposed method for early detection of ischemic stroke is demonstrated to improve efﬁciency and accuracy of clinical practice. The results are quantitatively evaluated by a human expert. The average overlap metric, average precision and average recall between the results obtained using the proposed approach and the ground truth are 0.98, 0.99 and 0.98, respectively. A classiﬁcation with accuracy of 98%, 97%, 96% and 92% has been obtained by SVM, k-NN, ANN and decision tree.
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