Combining Gabor filtering and classification dictionaries learning for fingerprint enhancement
Abstract-In the first place, study presents a new method for enhancing fingerprint image. The process of the enhancement is divided into two phases: fingerprint is first enhanced using Gabor filtering and then the enhanced fingerprint can be further enhanced by using sparse representation with the priori information of ridge pattern based on classification dictionaries learning. In the second stage, first, the orientations of fingerprint patches are estimated by the weighted linear projection analysis and the quality of patches are evaluated by the coherence of point orientations. Second, the training patches are classified into eight groups based on their own orientations, and the training samples of each class are selected from candidate patches by their own quality. The corresponding classification dictionaries are learned in frequency domain. Finally, the fingerprint image is enhanced based on spectra diffusion by using classification dictionaries learning. The experiments are carried out using various fingerprint enhancement methods. The experiments show that the proposed method achieves better results in comparison with other methods, and can significantly improve the performance of automatic fingerprint identification system.
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