Beamforming for Multiuser MIMO-OFDM Interference Channels With Multipath Diversity
Abstract— Designs for multiuser multiple-input and multiple-output with orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing, where the tDransmit and receive beamformers are obtained iteratively with closed-form steps. In the ﬁrst case, the transmit < Final Year Proejcts 2016 > Tx beamformers are set and the receive (Rx) beamformers are calculated. It works by projecting the Tx beamformers into a null space of appropriate channels. This eliminates one interference term for each user. Then the Rx beamformer for each user maximizes its instantaneous signalto-noise ratio (SNR) while satisfying an orthogonality condition to eliminate the remaining interferences. The second case is jointly optimizing the Tx and Rx beamformers from constrained SNR maximization. It uses the results from the ﬁrst case. The third case is also for joint optimization of Tx–Rx beamformers but combines constrained SNR and signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio maximization. The minimum number of antennas required is derived as part of the formulation. All cases can include a linear constellation precoder for extracting multipath diversity. Finally, the required feedback rates are derived and compared to existing beamforming methods. Using the standardized statistical channel model for IEEE 802.11n, our simulations demonstrate faster beamforming, improved error performance, and the ability to extract multipath diversity which is not possible in the leastsquare approach.
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