Automatic Detection of Exudates in Digital
Color Fundus Images Using Superpixel
Abstract-Exudates can be regarded as one of the most prevalent clinical signs of diabetic retinopathy, and the detection of exudates has important clinical ignificance in diabetic retinopathy diagnosis. In addition, a novel approach named superpixel multi-feature classification for the automatic detection of exudates is developed. First, an entire image is segmented into a series of superpixels considered as candidates. Then, a total of 20 features, including 19 multi-channel intensity features and a novel contextual feature, are proposed for characterizing each candidate. A supervised multi-variable classification algorithm is also introduced to distinguish the true exudates from the spurious candidates. Finally, a novel optic disc detection technique is designed to further improve the performance of classification accuracy. Extensive experiments are carried out on two publicly available online databases, DiaretDB1, and e-ophtha EX. Compared with other state-of-the-art approaches, the experimental results show the advantages and effectiveness of the proposed approach.
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