AUTOMATED GLAUCOMA DETECTION USING HYBRID FEATURE EXTRACTION IN RETINAL FUNDUS IMAGES
Abstract—Glaucoma is one of the most common causes of blindness. Robust mass screening may help to extend the symptom-free life for affected patients. To realize mass screening requires a cost-effective glaucoma detection method which integrates well with digital medical and administrative processes. To address these requirements, we propose a novel low cost automated glaucoma diagnosis system based on hybrid feature extraction from digital fundus images. The paper discusses a system for the automated identification of normal and glaucoma classes using higher order spectra (HOS), trace transform (TT), and discrete wavelet transform (DWT) features. The extracted features are fed to a support vector machine (SVM) classifier with linear, polynomial order< Final Year Projects > 1, 2, 3 and radial basis function (RBF) in order to select the best kernel for automated decision making. In this work, the SVM classifier, with a polynomial order 2 kernel function, was able to identify glaucoma and normal images with an accuracy of 91.67%, and sensitivity and specificity of 90% and 93.33%, respectively. Furthermore, we propose a novel integrated index called Glaucoma Risk Index (GRI) which is composed from HOS, TT, and DWT features, to diagnose the unknown class using a single feature. We hope that this GRI will aid clinicians to make a faster glaucoma diagnosis during the mass screening of normal/glaucoma images.
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