Analysis of the Neutral Point Voltage Self-Balance Mechanism in the Three-Level Full-Bridge DC−DC Converter by Introduction of Flying Capacitors
Abstract-The three-level full-bridge (TLFB) DC−DC converter has been widely used in high-voltage high-power applications. In the experimental test, the neutral point voltage deviation appears, moreover, it has also been found out that if the flying capacitors are introduced, the input capacitor voltages could realize self-balance even if no active balancing solutions are adopted. In the previous publications, the role of flying capacitors is generally considered to extend the range of soft switching, however, the self-balance ability has not been mentioned or investigated in any publications thus far. In order to fill this gap, this paper provides the detailed mode operation analysis of the TLFB converter and reveals the cause of the imbalance. In addition, the mechanism of the self-balance ability provided by the flying capacitors is explained in detail, which gives a deep insight into the converter. At last, the influence factor of the voltage error in steady state has been analyzed, and the specific expression of the voltage error is also derived. The feasibility of the theoretical analysis is verified by the simulation and experimental results.
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